Why are coffee and tea the most popular drinks in the world?
Coffee and tea are popular drinks in every corner of the globe. In the east of Europe and Asia, tea is the most loved one, in Western Europe, in the Americas and Australia, coffee is mainly drunk. Scholars believe that genes and cultural determinants determine which beverage we reach most often. In Britain, it's hard to imagine afternoon tea without tea, and in the US morning without coffee from the overflow machine. Italians are also considered to be dryers, who like to take espresso or cappuccino at any time of the day. For our compatriots, the quintessence of coffee for many years was the so-called "sponge cake". The ground coffee was filled with boiling water and it was drank in the bitter version or with the addition of sugar. Currently, cafes serving good coffee can not complain about the lack of customers,
However, it is worth remembering that coffee, which is currently produced, among others in Brazil, Colombia, Guatemala and even in Asian countries, it comes from Ethiopia. The fruit of the coffee tree was used already in the first millennium BC, and it reached Europe thanks to the travelers at the end of the 16th century.
Tea was a popular drink in ancient China, when Emperor Shennong accidentally made a brew from the leaves of a certain shrub. The first notes about this drink come from the 10th century BC. From China, they were transported east, to Japan and Korea, and to the west, where the tea reached Russia via the Mongols. Until today, from 1638, the Russians love the taste of strong tea prepared in the samovar. Because of the neighborhood and interlocking history, tea from Russia also reached the Polish lands and spread almost on par with the already known and liked coffee.
The impact of coffee on the human body
Coffee is perceived as a drink that, above all, tastes delicious and gives energy, but its effect on the body does not only end with stimulation. In the course of research in many institutes around the world, it has been proven that people who drink from three to five cups of coffee a day live in better health than those who avoid coffee. Coffee is a source of antioxidants, it has a beneficial effect on reducing the risk of liver cirrhosis, improves cardiovascular function, and a study conducted on a group of people with type II diabetes has shown that drinking coffee reduces the risk of developing this disease. Coffee also reduces the risk of cancer, including liver, colon, prostate and speech organs.
In addition to the benefits, there are also contraindications to drinking coffee. Substances that arise in coffee, raise (a little) cholesterol. Coffee, as a sour drink, is not the best choice for people with digestive problems. High coffee intake may also slightly, but lower the bone density and thus increase the risk of fractures. The consumption of coffee must be restricted by people who are too susceptible to stimulant caffeine and have too high blood pressure. Coffee also has a diuretic effect, so it is worth to supplement the diet with other drinks, especially water.
Tea properties and our body
A long list of the benefits of drinking tea begins with the fact that it contains antioxidants that fight inflammation. It also affects the condition of blood vessels, reducing the risk of stroke or heart disease. People who drink more than two cups of green tea every day have better memory in their senior age, but also higher bone density, are less likely to be affected by osteoporosis. Tea also rejuvenates. Researchers have shown that the cells of tea drinkers have a younger biological age. Tea also stimulates, adds energy, facilitates concentration and improves memory, but for people susceptible to stimulation, this is not a beneficial effect. Drinking coffee at bedtime can therefore delay the process of falling asleep. Unfortunately, tea also causes discoloration on the teeth and reduces the absorption of iron from some vegetables.
What is healthier: tea or coffee?
Consumers are increasingly paying attention to the health properties of the products they reach for. Many coffee and tea enthusiasts also wonder which beverage is healthier. Both coffee and tea contain valuable components for the body, including B vitamins, magnesium, potassium and other micro- and macro-elements. And coffee and tea have a positive effect on the heart and circulatory system, however, 2-3 cups of coffee a day limit the development of type 2 diabetes, Alzheimer's and some cancers. Caffeine, which is found in coffee and tea, stimulates the release of dopamine and neurotransmitters, makes us become full of energy. Caffeine also speeds up the metabolism, thanks to which it helps in losing weight and maintaining a shapely figure. However, in coffee the dose of caffeine is higher. Both drinks can be addictive.
Since we already know that each of the drinks has disadvantages, but also important health benefits, we can relish their taste regularly, preferably choosing them both. However, it is important not only how much tea or coffee we drink, but also what supplements we serve. Adding artificial sweetener to coffee or tea, sugar-based syrup, fat milk, cream, scoops of ice cream, will never affect our health. You can treat yourself with such a drink only from time to time. It is, however, worth replacing pure infusions with valuable spices, such as cinnamon, mint, ginger, cardamom and cloves. Aromatic spices for coffee and tea increase the potency of antioxidants contained in drinks.
How many cups of coffee can we drink a day?
A real lover of coffee can not imagine a day without a few cups of aromatic espresso, a delicate latte or a large cappuccino with fluffy foam, but as in any case, so when it comes to drinking coffee, you need to know the moderation. Experts from the European Food Safety (EFSA) have issued a special report in which they determined the safe amount of coffee that can be consumed during the day. This is five cups of espresso per day for a healthy, adult person. The more coffees we drink during the day, the greater the risk of heart disease, high blood pressure, insomnia, irritability and even panic attacks. The optimal amount is to drink 3-5 cups of coffee a day, which gives about 400-500 mg of caffeine. Deadly dose up to 10,000 mg. Pregnant women who often give up coffee completely,
Coffee and tea store
When we drink coffee or tea, the quality of brewed beverages is important, not just the quantity. To get a unique aroma and enjoy the unique taste you need to pay attention to the origin of tea leaves and coffee beans. The coffee and tea shop, run by connoisseurs and enthusiasts, offers coffee beans and types of teas from various corners of the world, which is not available in local shops or supermarkets. By the way, he inspires to find new ways to brew coffees or teas, to bring out deeper flavors and scents. Coffee and tea from a specialized store can be brewed in many ways: in mugs, cups, crucibles, overflow and coffeemakers and in home or professional machines.